Education#xiii Chapter 10 – Program Curriculum

What is the Curriculum like?

It is a multiskill training, linked to practical work something like the sandwich courses. This is a work bench approach. You can’t find a workbench in a rural area so you have created one in the school itself. Medical colleges are attached to a hospital. This scheme is to attach a “mechanical hospital” to a school. This is a modern version of the old system of training through apprenticeship the same real life situations.This is a fusion of a new enterprise and a part time job.

This is the Nai Talim approach of linking education to some income, generating activity not for its income, but for real life education.You are providing subsidised workshops to all villages. The subsidy comes from linking it to school education. We have been saying – use industry facilities for vocational training. You have recessed it for rural areas, because there is no industry. You are using vocational facilities for industry. Either way the result is better utilisation of equipment and real life training.

The RDES program divides important skills into modules :

  • Workshop.
  • Construction.
  • Energy and Environment.
  • Water Resource Development.
  • Agriculture.
  • Animal Husbandry.
  • Home and Health.
  • Computers.

These various modules are taught to students over a period of three institutional years- between eighth and tenth standard.



In the workshop, students receive basic instruction and then have solid reinforcement through practicals.

In this module, theory contains the basics of force, power, measurement, all the way up to mechanics, and pump repair – just like the normal physics syllabus, but with more practical usage.

Students will learn how to solder, weld, fit, use and fabricate sheet metal, and conceptualise fabrication projects, right from drawing through to execution.


In the construction module, students learn all about construction techniques in the rural scenario. The syllabus covers building material, carpentry, the construction of biogas plants and sanitary blocks, and accounting and projects.

Energy and Environment

In the Energy and Environment module, they are trained in conventional and unconventional energy sources, all about electricity , power, motors, starters, engines, their servicing and repair, effluent disposal, septic tanks and soak pits.

Water Resource Development

In the water resource development module, students learn all about water, locating well sites, setting up pipelines and constructing percolation tanks. They will have practical training in hand pump repair.


Animal Husbandary

In the agriculture module, all the important agricultural activities are explained over the three years. With the scientific explanation being given, and the practicals reinforcing them, the students quickly realise the potential service they offer to the community. The course material covers – land, soil, plants, evolution, fertilisers, irrigation, genetics, pest management and agro based industry.

In the Animal Husbandry module, students learn about the care of animals and birds, diseases and prevention, pregnancy diagnosis for cattle and the economics of cattle, goats or poultry. In the practicals students will learn how to keep poultry and actually have this as a project.

Home and Health

The home and health module teaches students about hazards, how to avoid accidents, first aid, sewing, knitting, sanitation, prevention of diseases, health, child care, duties and responsibilities and all practicals

Computer Training and Repair

The computer-training module will introduce computer usage to the students.Separate courses impart skills in maintenance, faultfinding, servicing and replacing parts as needed.

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